Minimalism and Pendulum Music: The Avant-Garde becomes Ye Olde-Garde

Please feel free to comment on the music posted above or below. The more you join in and discuss stuff like this, the more willing I’ll be to take the time to make it available. Can’t say it will hurt your grade any either.

Rather than strictly Avant-Garde (above), these pieces (below) represent a newer school of music known as Minimalism. This music, which might rightly be considered anti-music, will sound very different than the works of the last group of composers, the Modernists. As you will notice in your reading for next, Michael Fried makes direct reference to this kind of music, attempting as best he can in 1967, when it was still relatively new, to figure out exactly what is going on here, whether or not he approves, and why that is the case. Give a listen and see if you can hear what Fried is hearing.

It may interest some of you to know that LaMonte Young, who is generally recognized as the father of the Minimalist school, is a direct descendant of LDS prophet Brigham Young, and grew up in a log cabin just off Bear Lake. The sounds of howling winds and droning high-tension power lines left a deep impression on him as a boy and had a profound influence on his music.

Finally, these composers, for what it’s worth, are currently considered by expert consensus to be the best thing we now have. Whereas Philip Glass was once the most recognized Minimalist composer on the scene, Steve Reich has over the last decade or so taken the lead. Most recently, Reich’s work has has been broadly recognized and performed in conjunction with the celebration of his 70th birthday.

Interesting note: I can practically guarantee that, in addition to Kraftwerk, it was the guys below, in particular Reich, to whom David Bowie was listening when in 1976 he moved to Berlin, stopped making rock music, and tried to go “avante-gard”. The result was the trilogy Low-Heroes-Lodger, which he made with the help of Brian Eno. These “rock” albums were in turn converted into symphonic music by Philip Glass.

Anyone wanting to discuss this music but unsure of how to begin, might want to consider it terms of the very famous “masterpiece” below by Jasper Johns. What does this painting teach about what we should be listening for in the music posted above? Is it really a masterpiece, and if so, why?



Jasper Johns
Fool’s House, 1962
Walker Art Center, Minneapolis

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